Planet Badges

Will #OpenBadges Remain Open? That is up to us.

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Wed Mar 25 2015 07:58:43 GMT+0000 (UTC)

Will #OpenBadges Remain Open? That is up to us.:

Will Open Badges remain open? That is up to us.

Dr. Bernard Bull shared his thoughts on a recent critique presented by Dr. Michael Olneck at the pre-conference event on Open Badges at the Learning Analytics 2015 Conference:

There is democratizing technology and authoritarian technology. I’ve written about that in the past. However, there is more than one way to approach this. You can look at the technology itself, its inherent features and how they are likely to lead one toward more authoritarian or democratizing structures. That, for example, is present in debates about gun control. Some argue that guns, by their nature, are designed to shoot things, including people. As such, people might push for more regulation and control around them, resulting in a more authoritarian ecosystem within which guns reside. Others look at the social landscape and argue that there are plenty of examples where guns are present, but violence with guns is low or absent. They are not necessarily looking at the affordances and limitations of the technology directly, but they are instead examining how it developed in a give context. As a result of their approach, they may argue for maintaining a larger democratizing ecosystem for the technology of guns. In reality, both of these factors are constantly at work with the assimilation of a technology in a new context. There are inherent affordances and limitations to the technology that make some things possible and other things more likely. At the same time, there are complex individual and societal forces that impact how it develops, especially the power structures that develop alongside a given technology.

Read the piece in full by clicking the link above.

Open Badges Community Call, March 18, 2015

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Fri Mar 20 2015 19:07:00 GMT+0000 (UTC)



This week the panelists from last week’s SXSWedu session on global lessons in open badges shared their experiences with the community:

  • Kate Coleman, of Deakin University, said “we need to start talking about new models of learning, education and business models rather than retro-fitting to realise the potential of the disruption” - an interesting stance, as Carla pointed out, as we often hear that “retrofitting is a requirement for adoption and growth,” perhaps indicating that Australia is ahead of other countries in pushing badges forward;
  • Tim Riches, of Digital Me, said that various trust models for badges are emerging, and this year will bring ”proof points emerg[ing] around conneting badge earners to work experience / employment opportunities”
  • Serge Ravet, of Badge Europe, shared concerns about the fragmentation in thought and discourse that comes from talking about “micro-credentials” (something echoed in a 2013 blog post by Carla Casilli). He also brought up the distinction and potential confusion around trust and security: “‘security’ is embedded in ‘trust’, but once trust diminishes, ‘security’ becomes external; trust is free, security without trust has a cost, hence there is a business model for security without trust, a more open one for “open trust.””

Follow the rest of the conversation by clicking the links above for the discussion notes and audio recording.

Carla Casilli | Open Badge Opticks : The prismatic value of badges

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Fri Mar 20 2015 18:52:26 GMT+0000 (UTC)

Our Director of Policy + Practice, Carla Casilli, wrote a thought-provoking piece inspired by a recent Twitter conversation about the future of education and the role of badges:

During a recent Twitter foray, I jumped into an ongoing conversation about where education is headed and the role that badges might play in where education is headed. The discussion stemmed from Kevin Carey‘s insightful and provocative NYTimes article, “Here’s What Will Truly Change Higher Education: Online Degrees That Are Seen As Official” (based on an excerpt from The End of College.) During that Twitter exchange, Anya Kamenetz (who has recently written The Test) was commenting on Carey’s book and mentioned that she felt that badges have been operating in—and will continue to operate in—perpetual beta. When I asked her why she felt this to be true, she tweeted, “I don’t see the value.” I tweeted back saying that badge value was prismatic. This post is an exploration of that position.

Read the full post here.

Badger Beats: The Week In Review [80]

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Mon Mar 16 2015 08:10:45 GMT+0000 (UTC)

Apologies for the delay on last week’s Badger Beats, everyone! 

Here’s a brief summary of what we read, did, and talked about last week:

Thanks for yet another great week - let’s see what you’ve got this week!

Open Badge Opticks : The prismatic value of badges

Carla Casilli

Mon Mar 16 2015 07:38:20 GMT+0000 (UTC)

During a recent Twitter foray, I jumped into an ongoing conversation about where education is headed and the role that badges might play in where education is headed. The discussion stemmed from Kevin Carey‘s insightful and provocative NYTimes article, “Here’s What Will Truly Change Higher Education: Online Degrees That Are Seen As Official” (based on an excerpt from The End of College.) During that Twitter exchange, Anya Kamenetz (who has recently written The Test) was commenting on Carey’s book and mentioned that she felt that badges have been operating in—and will continue to operate in—perpetual beta. When I asked her why she felt this to be true, she tweeted, “I don’t see the value.” I tweeted back saying that badge value was prismatic. This post is an exploration of that position.


Traveling around the world over the last four years, introducing people to open badges and helping them to understand their possible and actual uses, I’ve had quite a bit of time to listen to questions about badge value. Followers of my blog know that I’ve written about value before here and here, and no doubt will again, but as for my thoughts on that subject right now, in Q1 2015, here’s where I am.

Value can mean so many things to so many people. Of course a generic dictionary definition exists but what does value mean in action? Exactly where does value lie? Just so we’re all on the same page here, here’s my view: value is a thing’s capacity to be perceived and interpreted as having some resonant meaning that translates into a degree of assumed importance. Still, that’s pretty fuzzy, right? That definition is somewhat academic and perhaps still difficult to apply. So let’s take this thing apart to see where the values (plural!) of badges reside.

My primary assertion: badge value is prismatic.
We can’t talk about badge value without talking about a badge’s audience because that’s where the possibility of value is first perceived and then created. Maybe wherever we see the word “value” we can just pop in the word “audience” right before it. That will help to remind us that value is derived by audience interpretation and therefore it is always contextual and situated.

Now, let’s make like Isaac Newton and compose an Open Badge Opticks so as to identify and demarcate the spectral components of badge value.

1. Personal value
First, and I would suggest foremost, badge value is initiated by the earner. This value, the one most often dismissed by critics, is perhaps the most important value of all. Badges represent skills, competencies, activities, and achievements but they also represent the person who has earned them. If by earning a badge, an individual gains greater insight into themselves and their abilities, then the value of the badge is extremely high. This consideration turns traditional learning / achievement on its head because it recognizes that the process of earning a badge can be construed as an intrinsically rewarding effort. So, one form of value is entirely dependent upon the perception of the earner.

2. Institutional value
Institutions that go to the trouble of issuing badges are betting that their badges have value. Another way to think of this type of value is as intended value. Indeed, badge issuing organizations seek to impart their values through their badges. It takes a commitment of time, money, and resources to develop and issue a badge, even more to develop a badge system, so issuing a badge that carries no institutional value is an exercise in waste. The vast majority of the badges currently in circulation have been designed to impart values representative of the issuing organizations.

3. Social value
The social value of a badge is complex. There are a number of ways that badges contain and contribute to social value, including: academic value; professional value; cultural value; and group value. I could probably write a few long paragraphs about each of these types of value but in the interests of brevity and because you’re smart, try thinking through those on your own. I will note, however, that somewhat perversely, the group value of badges appears to be the most under-appreciated of all of the possible values. Considering that society is predicated on the concept of in-groupness and out-groupness, this under-appreciation always strikes me as odd. Badges are indicators of community and consequently carry the values that are related to the communities in which they circulate.

4. Consumer value
We might consider the consumer value the strongest representation of exchange value for open badges. Consumer value might also be thought of as market value. We might ask ourselves, in what way does a badge, or a series of badges, enter the marketplace of conceptual exchange? Is it the same way that we understand the value of a service or good? In the past I have referred to badges as having different levels of currency: some badges might be considered the equivalent of a silver while other badges might attain the lofty levels of high-value paper currency. We’ve long argued that a freely operating badge marketplace will define consumer values over the long haul.

5. Generic value
Generic value is rooted in the desire for a standard exchange rate. Because of that it is the trickiest value of all to imagine and to calculate: within a shifting marketplace where exchange rates vary over time, it’s a challenge to define a firm basic unit of value. This is not unusual: our own monetary system is in constant flux—and our socially constructed understandings of degrees and certificates are as well. A BS from one college is not always equivalent to a BS from another college. Nonetheless, the public perception of badges and their value ultimately will be equated as a generic or system wide value.

Conclusion: a spectrum of value
So here are 5+ areas supporting the idea of prismatic representation of badge value. I sincerely hope that you can now feel comfortable in saying that badges have different perceptual values across their many audiences.

One last note, though, related to my first assertion. Here is its corollary: just as light has a spectrum that includes both visible and invisible properties, so does badge value. More on this in a future post addressing emergent value in and across badge systems.

Much more soon.

Talk to me at cmcasilli [at] gmail [dot] com

Tagged: badge systems, badges, learning, openbadges, trust, value

Open Badges Community Call, March 11, 2015

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Fri Mar 13 2015 22:00:50 GMT+0000 (UTC)


This week the team and community looked at the recent report from the Carnegie Foundation on the Credit Hour (download the report here).

The report, as reviewed by Inside Higher Ed, argues that “the credit hour is an inadequate unit for measuring student learning. Yet no better replacement for higher education’s gold standard has emerged, and getting rid of it right now would be risky.” We asked our community to weigh in on our discussion board, and you can follow that thread here:

We continued this conversation on this week’s community call, where a number of attendees echoed some of the IHE commentary, that “the credit hour is a measure of instruction, not a measure of learning,” but, as Carla Casilli eloquently put, it “is *the* archetypal measurement tool for education today” and simply removing it would indeed be risky, creating a vacuum that currently can’t be adequately filled by alternative credentials or assessment methods.

Others, including Nate Otto, talked about the role badges could play in this future space. The fact that “transcripts are hard to translate” is known by many employers who have echoed these sentiments about GPAs, letter grades and transcripts. Those working on open badges software are hoping to find ways to translate value using badges, creating networks of trust across education and the workforce.

Follow the discussion notes from the call here:

Thank you to those who participated on this week’s call. Join us next Wednesday at 12pm ET to learn more about our community’s badging projects and share updates from your own.

New scouts badge helps young digital makers to 'be prepared'... digitally | Nesta

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Tue Mar 10 2015 22:05:32 GMT+0000 (UTC)

New scouts badge helps young digital makers to 'be prepared'... digitally | Nesta:

Last Wednesday, March 4, Nesta and the Scout Association launch the new Digital Maker badge - bringing digital making skills to their network of 400,000 young people across the UK with a focus on creativity through computational thinking.

The new badge

Nesta believes that digital creativity, along with other digital making skills, are not only important skills for future jobs and personal agency in an increasingly digital world, but also fun to learn outside of the classroom.

After consultation and testing with The Scout Association, volunteers, youth members and technology experts, Nesta has developed resource packs to help Scouts achieve the Digital Maker Staged Activity Badge, at stages 1 and 2. Packs are accessible from the Nesta partnership page of the Scouts website as PDFs and are designed to be a fun introduction to how technologies work, including technologies that can be tried at home. A great example is ‘Sandwich Bot’ - how to program your scout leader to make a jam sandwich.

Read the full story by clicking the link above.

Badger Beats: The Week In Review [79]

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Sun Mar 08 2015 14:07:35 GMT+0000 (UTC)

Hey there, badgers! Here’s your weekly run-down of projects, updates and articles for the open badges community:

Going to SXSWedu?

If you’re heading to Austin for SXSWedu, don’t forget to check out Badge the World: Global Lessons in Open Badging with Kate Coleman, Serge Ravet, Tim Riches and Mark Riches. It’s going to be great!

Open Badges Community Call, March 4, 2015

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Fri Mar 06 2015 15:35:48 GMT+0000 (UTC)



This week we were joined by Matt Rogers from Digital Me, who shared some of the recent work they’ve been doing in the UK, including professional development badges for computing curricula in partnership with NAACE (National Association of Advisors for Computers in Education). 

Safe-Bots for Internet Safety

Digital Me and telecommunications company O2 recently led a campaign around Safer Internet Day on February 10th, encouraging youth to take leadership within their families and communities. Youth participants made Safe-Bots displaying e-safety messages at 87 core locations around the UK, including O2 stores. The SID activities were mapped at to educate youth about geolocation data and tracking.


Participants earned badges for a range of activities using the Makewaves platform; those younger than 13 could create a ‘family backpack’ using parents’ emails, and convert them to open badges once they reach 13 and send them to a Mozilla Backpack.

Lucy Neale from Digital Me added that the Internet safety badges “are also designed as a way to engage parents with e-safety as this is something schools and corporates like O2 are struggling with.” E-safety is still seen as a taboo subject for many parents, who perhaps lack an understanding of the issues or feel it is irrelevant. “This project is designed to test whether the badges and digital making activities can offer a non-threatening opportunity for parents to engage with the topic, led by their children, in neutral spaces, including at home and in O2 shops and other public spaces.”

Click here for initial statistics and here for SID participation information. Teachers can download a free SID resource pack, available at, from the resource tab on the left hand side. You can read more about the SID Safe-Bot activities on the O2 blog.

Check out the SID promotional film here:


Thanks to Matt for telling us more about Digital Me’s leadership in SID activities for UK youth; we look forward to hearing more about other projects on upcoming calls.

Join us next Wednesday for more community updates and announcements - click here for weekly call information.

Request for comment on Standards doc

The Standards Working Group shared their collaborative document on open credentials use cases, which is now open for community feedback:

Can technology help combat CV fraud?

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Tue Mar 03 2015 15:11:17 GMT+0000 (UTC)

Can technology help combat CV fraud?:

Pearson’s Acclaim platform gets a spotlight in this BBC article on CV / résumé fraud:

"Up to now most achievement certificates or college degrees are on paper," says Clarke Porter, head of the Acclaim scheme. "They are not very computer friendly and you cannot share your paper certificate you have hanging on your wall because it is not digitised.
"We want to bring about a transformation where proper credentials are digitised and can be shared on the internet," he says.

Can badges help eliminate misinformation on digital profiles and résumés?

We say: YES - and so much more!

Add your thoughts below if you like.

"Networks move at the speed of trust."

Erin Knight

Sun Mar 01 2015 19:37:37 GMT+0000 (UTC)

“Networks move at the speed of trust.”

- Curtis Ogden

Badger Beats: The Week In Review [78]

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Sat Feb 28 2015 09:44:41 GMT+0000 (UTC)

Welcome to the Badger Beats! Here’s a quick rundown of what the open badges community did this week:

Thank you to everyone who joined us for calls and discussions this week - we look forward to another badgeriffic week with you starting on Monday.

Have a great weekend!


BadgeLAB Leeds is testing whether Open Badges can deepen or...

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Fri Feb 27 2015 15:00:53 GMT+0000 (UTC)

BadgeLAB Leeds is testing whether Open Badges can deepen or diversify young people’s engagement with the arts.

BadgeLAB Leeds is a new initiative led by ArtForms LeedsSheffield Hallam University and DigitalMe with the support of the Digital R&D Fund - Nesta, Arts and Humanities Research Council and public funding by the National Lottery through Arts Council England.

Young people’s learning via arts activities is often informal, taking place through one-off classroom sessions or specially organized local events. Some arts learning provision is designed to function as a complement to traditional classroom teaching, taking place outside formal education entirely.

BadgeLAB Leeds is exploring how Open Badges can act as an incentive to take part in arts based learning experiences, which are not normally recognized with traditional qualifications. To this end, [they] have helped develop badged activities at events such as Light Night Leeds, the March of the Robots Parade and Party as well as MozFest 2014.

One-off classroom sessions have also been supported with Open Badges for activities such as robot making, den building, contributing to a giant, flashing Robo-quilt and making clay pots in the style of the ancient Greeks and Romans.

All of the badges claimed as well as the personal experiences of practitioners are being carefully documented and studied by staff at Sheffield Hallam University as well. [They] hope the research results will reveal how effective an incentive Open Badges can be for young people participating in arts-based activities.

See more at:

Open Badges Community Call, Feb. 25, 2015

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Fri Feb 27 2015 08:31:29 GMT+0000 (UTC)



This week we were joined by Andrew Downes, who has been working on a prototype for an integration of Tin Can API (xAPI) and the Open Badges Infrastructure (OBI) alongside Ryan Smith from HT2, and the Open Badges xAPI Community of Practice

Tin Can was developed at similar time to Open Badges addressing similar areas (recording learner experiences and achievements). While there was some initial concerns about conflict or overlap, it turned out there were actually quite a few differences which made them quite complementary. Open Badges tended to be used more in academics to recognize bigger steps in the learning process, whereas Tin Can statements have been used in workforce to describe more granular steps before and after a badge is earned.

Andrew and the Open Badges xAPI Community of Practice have been working on ways these two technologies can work together, including:

  • sharing awarded badges between systems
  • localizing and sharing badge definitions between systems
  • sharing issuer metadata between systems
  • defining machine readable badge criteria and evidence
  • automatically awarding badges based on Tin Can statements
  • using a learning record store (LRS) as a backpack

Most of their work thus far has focused on using badges and Tin Can with professional bodies, but they are now moving on to organizations and accreditation bodies (see the diagram below). We look forward to hearing more from them in a few months - if you’d like to get involved in github, join xAPI Community of Practice around Open Badges:


Other updates

We were also joined on the community call this week by Dan Hickey, who is using BadgeList to issue badges in his Learning and Cognition Course, as well as working with Indiana University to install Badgesafe. His team is also collaborating with edX as part of his new project, Open Badges in edX and Beyond. 

In Louisiana, Carey Hamburg is putting together a focus group study on the use of badges in recruiting and hiring in the local oil + gas industries as part of his doctoral study. At Concentric Sky & the Oregon Center for Digital Learning, Nate Otto and the team are working on software for one user to be able to manage their own earned badges, define and issue badges to others, and understand badges that people show to them, and are making progress toward an initial release.

The Standards Working Group is continuing to make progress with the W3C credentials community group: members are putting together open badges use cases, and drafting a vocabulary that is generalizable across various high and low stakes credentials. This vocabulary will be shared with the general community soon for feedback and comment.

Opportunities to get involved

The Standards Working Group is putting together development resources to update the Mozilla validator to 1.1 and they’re looking for contributors. The group is willing to work with interns or new JS programmers as a mentorship opportunity, so if you’re interested in a little bit of Node.js contribution, get in touch with Nate Otto

Dan Hickey and his team are looking for additional collaborators on the Open Badges in Higher Ed project. Read more here and get in touch if your organization or institution is working with badges in interesting ways.

Thank you to everyone who joined us this week. Join us next Wednesday for more community project updates and announcements.

How valuable is the Credit Hour?

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Wed Feb 25 2015 16:33:16 GMT+0000 (UTC)

A recent report from the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching concluded that the credit hour, though flawed in many ways as a measurement of learning, is the best option we have in education.

Two years ago, in response to increasing concern over the adequacy of the credit hour, the Carnegie Foundation brought together a committee of 27 experts to look at the history of the credit hour and evaluate whether a competency-based model of learning measurement could replace it. The overarching theme in the report is that it would be risky - and difficult - to try and replace the current system:

"Achieving this goal would require the development of rigorous standards, assessments, and accountability systems—difficult work, especially in the field of higher education, where educational aims are highly varied and faculty autonomy is deeply engrained." (Source)

Inside Higher Ed provided a commentary when the report was released, citing several experts who have both praise and criticism for the report:

"Several experts praised the study for its broad look at the credit hour’s role and history. But some said they wished the foundation had pushed harder to find a way to move beyond the standard. After all, the foundation created the unit, and at times has been a driving force for change in higher education."

Download “The Carnegie Unit: A Century-Old Standard in a Changing Education Landscape” here 

What do you guys think about the report? 

  • Do you agree that the credit hour is an insufficient measure of student learning? 
  • Should more resources be allocated to making competency-based models (or other alternatives) more viable in our formal education systems? 
  • Where do badges fit in? 
  • What are you doing in your own institutions to address the inadequacies of the credit hour?

Let us know by replying to this post or commenting in the Open Badges Community Group:!topic/openbadges/99S_9fdJ5D0

"However, what really helped me was the day I realised that I wasn’t selling a product, but I was..."

Erin Knight

Wed Feb 25 2015 14:01:02 GMT+0000 (UTC)

“However, what really helped me was the day I realised that I wasn’t selling a product, but I was actually selling change. And change = pain. Those that were incentivised and had the power to drive change made very good customers (they were often early adopters). Those that didn’t or couldn’t, really struggled.”

- Bryan Mathers, wapisasa C.I.C., Consultant for City & Guilds

Badger Beats: The Week In Review [77]

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Sat Feb 21 2015 11:41:40 GMT+0000 (UTC)

Hey there! Here’s what we got up to this week:

Finally, check out this TEDxProvidence talk on credentials for the 21st century, featuring Achievery’s own Damian Ewens:

Open Badges Community Call, Feb. 18, 2015

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Fri Feb 20 2015 09:26:00 GMT+0000 (UTC)



There were more community members than usual on this week’s community call, which made for some great lively discussions - thank you to all those who joined us.

We met Paul Smith-Keitley this week, who is looking to develop badges for 21st century workplace skills - learn more in this video. He’s been meeting with local politicians and raising awareness around his initiative, so we’re looking forward to hearing how that progresses.

Other updates included Don Presant’s preparations for ePIC 2015, to be held in Barcelona in June, where Serge Ravet and other European badgers will discuss badges, e-portfolios and digital identity. James Willis is writing a “philosophy of open badges” with collaborators Kim Flintoff, Erin Fields, Ted Curran, and Bridget McGraw; to be published in Foundations of Digital Badges and Micro-Credentials

Dan Hickey is working on a general narrated slide deck called Open Digitial Badges: What, Why, When, and Where? to market open badges in the edX community and beyond, as well as working to get the Open Badges Design Principles and Documentation Project report out soon and moving forward with other projects. Steve Lonn is preparing for two badging events coming up: an open conversation about the intersection of badges and ePortfolios on Feb. 26 and a local workshop on digital badges for co-curricular learning on March 4.

We heard from Megan Cole that there is movement building around the Cities of Learning for 2015. The team is gearing up for a May / June launch again with three exemplar cities from previous years, Chicago, LA and Pittsburgh, with potentially a few others getting on board as well. Digital Youth Network is leading the technology platform for the individual cities this year. Also in Chicago, MOUSE is working with Hive Chicago to do a youth gamejam in May, aiming to get the participants to tap into MOUSE’s serious game design badge and curriculum after the jam. They’re looking for partner organizations in Chicago to do activities at the event, so if you’re interested, reach out to Meredith via Twitter.

Badges at ELI 2015

Indiana University’s Dan Hickey and University of Michigan’s Steve Lonn were joined by Penn State’s Chris Gamrat at the Educause Learning Initiative meeting last week in California to lead a panel on digital badges in higher education. Their slides are available here, and the video will be available after 90 days if you didn’t register for the virtual event beforehand. 

Steve told the group on the call that more than half the room had at least a basic or fair amount of knowledge about badges, which was great to hear; the group still did a brief introduction to address specific terminology (micro-credentials, badges, etc.) as well as the continuing discussion of digital vs open badges, aided by the Badge Alliance’s Why Badges? page. Using Twitter, Steve also shared this quotable quote from Dan Hickey during their presentation:

.@dthickey: if your badges don’t have evidence, don’t bother #eli2015

It’s always interesting for us as a community to track our progress at these kinds of events, seeing which issues attendees get stuck on, what questions are most often asked, what the ‘aha!’ moments are. If you’re attending or giving badges presentations at conferences, let us know what your experiences are.

Thank you to everyone who joined us this week. You can review the full discussion in the notes and audio linked above. Join us next Wednesday for more community project updates and announcements!

Badges come to OpenLearnWe’re really excited to share this...

Mozilla Open Badges Blog

Thu Feb 19 2015 20:47:40 GMT+0000 (UTC)

Badges come to OpenLearn

We’re really excited to share this piece of news from across the pond: the Open University is introducing Badged Open Courses! 

Check it out:

The Open University is building on years of knowledge, experience and research into Open Educational Resources (OER) with its release of innovative new badged open courses (BOCs). These have been developed in response to the needs of informal learners who are seeking access to study skills and to have their learning recognised.
'We have listened to the changing needs and requirements of our informal learners using our open platforms' says The OU’s Open Media Unit Director, Andrew Law. 'Badged open courses will complement The OU’s extensive and growing portfolio of OER on OpenLearn and provide learners recognition for their achievements through assessment – for free.' The team at The OU who produced the courses were finalists in The Learning Awards 2015 for ‘Innovation in Learning’.

Read this article in full here.

OERu, Open Education, and Digital Badges

Re-mediating Assessment

Wed Feb 18 2015 22:05:00 GMT+0000 (UTC)

by James Willis

Open Educational Resources (OERu) is a network of schools dedicated to the goals of educating anyone with internet access and a desire to learn. Bringing together institutions from around the world, OERu offers free educational opportunities and low-cost assessments for potential academic credit. A recent news release by the Open University promotes Badged Open Courses.

Read more »